Zika Virus Rash, Signs and Symptoms
Zaka Virus Rash Key Facts:
Zika virus transmitted by the anaerobic mosquitoes. People with Zika virus may complain of symptoms such as mild fever, Zika virus rash, conjunctivitis, joint pain, malaise or a headache. These symptoms usually last for two to seven days.
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Top Zika Virus Rash Facts:
- Zika virus belongs to the family(virus family) of yellow fever and has no vaccine.
- The Zika virus remained confined to Africa and Asia from the 1950s to 2007, extending eastward to South and Central America.
- The virus transmitted by mosquitoes, which also transmit dengue fever, yellow fever and chikungunya virus.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) said that there was no evidence so far that the Zika virus transmitted to babies through breastfeeding.
- The “WHO” also said that the Zika virus isolates in human sperm and that there is a potential infection from one person to another during the sexual process.
- Only one in four(1/4) HIV patients are diagnosed with Zika virus.
- There is no evidence in the United States that the Zika virus rash could lead to death, but there have been reports of sporadic cases of serious complications in people with other diseases or conditions leading to death.
- Researchers in Brazil and the World Health Organization (WHO) say that there is growing evidence to linking Zika virus and microcephaly.
- Brazil has the highest incidence of Zika infection. HIV outbreaks have also reported in Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Venezuela and other countries.
- The Ministry of Health in Colombia said that 13,500 people infected by Zika virus in the country.
- The Colombian Ministry of Health has advised women to delay pregnancies between six and eight months to avoid possible risks related to Zika.
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The introduction of Zika Virus:
Zika virus is also called a yellow virus which identified in monkeys of Uganda in 1947 through a yellow fever surveillance network. It was also discovered in humans of Uganda in 1952 and the United Republic of Tanzania. Zika virus outbreaks have reported in Africa, America, and Asia. From the 1960s-1980s, human infections found throughout the Africa and Asia.
Yap Island (Federated States of Micronesia) reported the first major outbreak of Zika virus rash in 2007. In July 2015, Brazil reported a link between Zika infection and Gian-Barre syndrome. In October 2015, Brazil reported again a link between Zika virus rash and small head (erythema).
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Signs and Symptoms Of Zika Virus:
The incubation period of the Zika virus is unclear, but it probably takes only a few days. Its symptoms are similar to arthritic viruses such as dengue, including fever, rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise and headache. These symptoms are usually mild and last for two to seven days.
The Zika virus transmitted to people primarily by mosquito bites. Zika virus usually chewed during the day, and it peaks in early morning and late afternoon. It is the same mosquitoes that transmit dengue fever, chikungunya, and yellow fever. Sexually transmitted transmission is also possible.
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Zika infection can only diagnosis by laboratory tests on blood or other body fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen.
Zika virus disease is usually mild and does not require specific treatment. People infected with the Zika virus should get a great deal of rest, drink adequate fluids, and treat pain and fever using common medications. There is currently no any specific vaccine against Zika virus.
- Protection from mosquito bites is a key measure to prevent Zika infection. This can achieve by wearing light-colored clothing that covers the maximum body.
- Using physical barriers such as window wire.
- Sleeping under the mosquito net.
Travelers and people living in the affected areas should take the basic precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
Sexually Transmitted Infection:
Zika virus can transmit through sexual intercourse.
In all regions where Zika virus active, all people infected with the Zika virus and those who sexually associate them (especially pregnant women) should have awareness of the risk of transmitting Zika virus.
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