Zika Virus and Pregnancy
Recently, the Zika virus has spread throughout the world because of its rapid spread. Many warnings have been issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) regarding the possibility of its transmission to the most countries and the need to take measures and precautions to avoid its spread and to prevent its damage.
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It has spread in more than 23 countries. Perhaps the most in Americas, with more than 1 million people infected so far. The risk of HIV infection in pregnant women is that it leads to deformation of embryonic brains.
Zica’s virus caused by a mild disease called Zika, which identified between 1950 and 1960. The virus spread in Africa and Asia, especially in the tropics. In 2014, the virus spread east across the Pacific and in 2015, Mexico and Central America and identified as a pandemic disease.
Zika virus and future pregnancy:
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Zika infection of pregnant women in the late months of pregnancy does not cause newborns with birth defects and deformities. Research has confirmed that Zika is a danger to infants because pregnant women infected with the virus early in pregnancy. The real risk is that infants will be born with congenital malformations when they are born, if they do not recognize or show signs of a zika infection.
Since the emergence of the Zika virus in Brazil and the birth of children with serious congenital defects late last year. Researchers from Colombia studied 1,850 pregnant women infected with the Zika virus. They found that 600 women infected during the third trimester, and about 90 percent had children with little congenital malformations, such as small head or other obvious defects.
The Zika virus spreads through tropical mosquito bites and can spread through sexual contact where the virus can live several months in semen. So zika virus and pregnancy have a relationship in different situations.
Recent studies have revealed that the zika virus can survive in saliva, which has raised fears of kissing, sharing tableware or toothbrushes with infected people.
There were no symptoms of zika in some people, others showed symptoms of fever, rashes, joint pain or red eyes. So far there is no vaccine for the zika virus.
Brazil is the country with most affected by the Zika virus. There are 500 children born with small malformations and skulls that cause the brain not to develop properly. So experts tried to stop the spread of the zika virus.
What is Zika virus?
Experts say that this disease is a simple that affects the individual for no more than six days and has not caused deaths so far.
How does the virus move?
The main cause of the transmission of the zika virus is a mosquito bite infected with the virus and is known to be a female mosquito Idis. The same mosquito that carries dengue fever and yellow fever. it’s confirmed according to the World Health Organization that this type of mosquito is found in all countries of North America and South America Except Chile and Canada.
Methods of the zika virus prevention especially for pregnant women: Zika virus and pregnancy:
- Prevention of mosquito bites using repellent methods for mosquitoes and insects.
- Wear light-colored clothing that covers the whole body.
- Do not go out in the morning to avoid the Egyptian bites that bite in the morning
- Take care to clean the house and spray the bedrooms before sleeping for two hours as a precaution.
- Close windows to prevent mosquito and insect access, close doors and windows, and use mosquito netting during sleep.
- Clean utensils that contain water to avoid mosquito-attracting.
- Use mosquito repellent paint, and make sure it is suitable for pregnant women.