HPV Vaccine Roles Benefits and Risks
There are many HPV vaccine roles benefits and risks.
What is HPV?
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 100 viruses. Some types of HPV can cause genital warts (pimples on intimate places), which are plaques or bumps, which appear:
- On valve.
- On vagina or anus.
- On the cervix.
- On the penis, moşonke, thigh or hips.
- Some strains of HPV cause cervical cancer, or, often less, vulvar, anus or penis.
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Human papillomavirus easily moves through the mouth, genital or anal sex with an infected partner. Most people exposed to contact with HPV at some point in their lives.
What is HPV vaccines?
The HPV vaccine consists of virus molecules such as non-infectious. These molecules produce antibodies, to prevent HPV from the cells of the body. The vaccine is administered by injection into the muscles. It can be used to prevent these diseases:
- Women: Neck cancer, vagina, vulvar, anus, pre-carcinogenic lesions on the genitals, genital warts.
- Men: Anal cancer, Genital warts.
The roles of the HPV vaccine?
Many strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) spread through sexual contact, which causes most cases of cervical cancer. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of two vaccines in the United States, Gardasil, and Serrafix. Both vaccines can prevent most cases of cervical cancer if injected into a woman or a girl before exposure to the virus.
In addition, vaccinators can prevent most cases of vaginal cancer in women. Gardasil can prevent genital warts in men and women.
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Benefits from taking HPV Vaccine:
In clinical trials, Gardasil, and Serrafix have been shown to be effective in groups of sexually active women aged 26 or younger. Some of whom have already contracted one or more types of HPV. However, Gardasil and Serrafix only protect you from certain strains of the virus that you are not infected.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is very effective against oral cancers. So treatment of oral cancer in men and women is possible.
Risks of HPV:
Studies indicate that this vaccine has no serious side effects. As with any vaccine, its effectiveness can weaken over time, and it has the ability to cause some serious problems such as heavy allergies.
Some problems, which associated with the HPV vaccine include pain, redness, swelling or itching at the injection site. Other side effects include:
- Slightly elevated temperature
- Muscle pain;
- Symptoms of the digestive system.
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What are the ways to prevent HPV vaccination?
Avoiding physical contact with an infected sexual partner to completely prevent the spread of the HPV infection. Latex condoms may help to reduce the risk of infection with HPV and genital warts. However, condoms are not 100% effective, because they can not cover the entire genital area.
Other preventive measures include:
- Abstaining from sex;
- Sexual relationship with one wife.
- Regular examinations of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).
- Nipple test for women (since the age of 21 years).
What happens if HPV is spread?
According to some reports, the number of people infected with HPV in the world has increased by more than 10 times and 34 million. So the best way to prevent the spread of the disease – get a vaccine before infection.
Tags: Health & Fitness